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BRENDA KEGG MetaCyc

carotenoid biosynthesis (BRENDA)

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EC Number Recommended Name Reaction BRENDA Pathway Name KEGG Pathway Name MetaCyc Pathway Name Reaction ID BRENDA Reaction ID KEGG Reaction ID MetaCyc Reaction ID SABIO-RK
    15,9'-dicis-phytofluene + plastoquinone = 9,15,9'-tricis-zeta-carotene + plastoquinol carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49668 show the reaction diagram R09654 show the reaction diagram RXN-12244 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.3.5.5 15-cis-phytoene desaturase 15,9'-dicis-phytofluene + plastoquinone = 9,15,9'-tricis-zeta-carotene + plastoquinol carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49668 show the reaction diagram R09654 show the reaction diagram RXN-12244 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences5.5.1.18 lycopene epsilon-cyclase lycopene = delta-carotene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
delta-carotene biosynthesis BS415670 show the reaction diagram R06963 show the reaction diagram RXN1F-147 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.3.5.6 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene desaturase 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinone = 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene + a quinol carotenoid biosynthesis     BR49639 show the reaction diagram      
show all sequences1.3.99.37 1-hydroxy-2-isopentenylcarotenoid 3,4-desaturase dihydroisopentenyldehydrorhodopin + acceptor = isopentenyldehydrorhodopin + reduced acceptor carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51282 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16703 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences5.5.1.19 lycopene beta-cyclase lycopene = gamma-carotene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
beta-carotene biosynthesis,
okenone biosynthesis
BS417227 show the reaction diagram R05341 show the reaction diagram RXN1F-150 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.23.5.1 violaxanthin de-epoxidase antheraxanthin + L-ascorbate = zeaxanthin + L-dehydroascorbate + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48597 show the reaction diagram R07179 show the reaction diagram RXN-7985 show the reaction diagram  
    antheraxanthin + L-ascorbate = zeaxanthin + L-dehydroascorbate + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48597 show the reaction diagram R07179 show the reaction diagram RXN-7985 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.14.99.45 carotene epsilon-monooxygenase H+ + zeinoxanthin + NADPH + oxygen = lutein + NADP+ + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis   lutein biosynthesis     RXN-5962 show the reaction diagram  
1.14.99.-   H+ + alpha-carotene + NADPH + oxygen = zeinoxanthin + NADP+ + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis   lutein biosynthesis     RXN-5961 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences5.5.1.19 lycopene beta-cyclase gamma-carotene = beta-carotene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
beta-carotene biosynthesis BS427448 show the reaction diagram R03824 show the reaction diagram RXN1F-151 show the reaction diagram  
    zeaxanthin + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H+ + O2 = antheraxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48604 show the reaction diagram R06946 show the reaction diagram RXN-7978 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.14.15.21 zeaxanthin epoxidase zeaxanthin + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H+ + O2 = antheraxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48604 show the reaction diagram R06946 show the reaction diagram RXN-7978 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences2.5.1.32 15-cis-phytoene synthase prephytoene diphosphate = 15-cis-phytoene + diphosphate carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
neurosporene biosynthesis,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria),
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants)
BR48482 show the reaction diagram,
BR50299 show the reaction diagram,
BS354739 show the reaction diagram
R04218 show the reaction diagram,
R07270 show the reaction diagram
RXN-12245 show the reaction diagram,
RXNARA-8002 show the reaction diagram
8599
show all sequences2.5.1.99 all-trans-phytoene synthase prephytoene diphosphate = 15-cis-phytoene + diphosphate carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
neurosporene biosynthesis,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria),
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants)
BR48482 show the reaction diagram,
BR50299 show the reaction diagram,
BS354739 show the reaction diagram
R04218 show the reaction diagram,
R07270 show the reaction diagram
RXN-12245 show the reaction diagram,
RXNARA-8002 show the reaction diagram
8599
    prephytoene diphosphate = 15-cis-phytoene + diphosphate carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
neurosporene biosynthesis,
trans-lycopene biosynthesis I (bacteria),
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants)
BR48482 show the reaction diagram,
BR50299 show the reaction diagram,
BS354739 show the reaction diagram
R04218 show the reaction diagram,
R07270 show the reaction diagram
RXN-12245 show the reaction diagram,
RXNARA-8002 show the reaction diagram
8599
show all sequences5.2.1.13 prolycopene isomerase 7,9,7',9'-tetracis-lycopene = all-trans-lycopene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49729 show the reaction diagram,
BS428889 show the reaction diagram
R07512 show the reaction diagram RXN-8042 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.14.13.129 beta-carotene 3-hydroxylase beta-carotene + NADH + H+ + O2 = beta-cryptoxanthin + NAD+ + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  BR49602 show the reaction diagram R07558 show the reaction diagram    
    all-trans-beta-carotene + oxygen + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ = beta-cryptoxanthin + H2O + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster carotenoid biosynthesis   echinenone and zeaxanthin biosynthesis (Synechocystis),
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae),
zeaxanthin biosynthesis
    RXN-8025 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences4.2.1.161 bisanhydrobacterioruberin hydratase bacterioruberin = monoanhydrobacterioruberin + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51280 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16709 show the reaction diagram  
    bacterioruberin = monoanhydrobacterioruberin + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51280 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16709 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences5.2.1.12 zeta-carotene isomerase 9,15,9'-tricis-zeta-carotene = 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49728 show the reaction diagram R09655 show the reaction diagram RXN-11354 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.14.13.129 beta-carotene 3-hydroxylase beta-cryptoxanthin + NADH + H+ + O2 = zeaxanthin + NAD+ + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
  BR49603 show the reaction diagram R07559 show the reaction diagram    
    beta-cryptoxanthin + oxygen + reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H+ = zeaxanthin + H2O + oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster carotenoid biosynthesis   echinenone and zeaxanthin biosynthesis (Synechocystis),
astaxanthin biosynthesis (bacteria, fungi, algae),
zeaxanthin biosynthesis
    RXN-8026 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.3.5.5 15-cis-phytoene desaturase 15-cis-phytoene + plastoquinone = 15,9'-dicis-phytofluene + plastoquinol carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49667 show the reaction diagram R09653 show the reaction diagram RXN-12243 show the reaction diagram  
    15-cis-phytoene + plastoquinone = 15,9'-dicis-phytofluene + plastoquinol carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
trans-lycopene biosynthesis II (plants) BR49667 show the reaction diagram R09653 show the reaction diagram RXN-12243 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.3.99.37 1-hydroxy-2-isopentenylcarotenoid 3,4-desaturase dihydrobisanhydrobacterioruberin + acceptor = bisanhydrobacterioruberin + reduced acceptor carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51283 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16704 show the reaction diagram  
    violaxanthin + L-ascorbate = antheraxanthin + L-dehydroascorbate + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48596 show the reaction diagram R07178 show the reaction diagram RXN-7984 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.23.5.1 violaxanthin de-epoxidase violaxanthin + L-ascorbate = antheraxanthin + L-dehydroascorbate + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion BR48596 show the reaction diagram R07178 show the reaction diagram RXN-7984 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences5.5.1.19 lycopene beta-cyclase delta-carotene = alpha-carotene carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
lutein biosynthesis BS427424 show the reaction diagram R06962 show the reaction diagram RXN1F-148 show the reaction diagram  
    antheraxanthin + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H+ + O2 = violaxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion,
capsanthin and capsorubin biosynthesis
BR48605 show the reaction diagram R06947 show the reaction diagram RXN-7979 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.14.15.21 zeaxanthin epoxidase antheraxanthin + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H+ + O2 = violaxanthin + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis Carotenoid biosynthesis,
Metabolic pathways,
Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
zeaxanthin, antheraxanthin and violaxanthin interconversion,
capsanthin and capsorubin biosynthesis
BR48605 show the reaction diagram R06947 show the reaction diagram RXN-7979 show the reaction diagram  
    monoanhydrobacterioruberin = bisanhydrobacterioruberin + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51281 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16710 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences4.2.1.161 bisanhydrobacterioruberin hydratase monoanhydrobacterioruberin = bisanhydrobacterioruberin + H2O carotenoid biosynthesis     BR51281 show the reaction diagram   RXN-16710 show the reaction diagram  
show all sequences1.3.5.6 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene desaturase 9,9'-dicis-zeta-carotene + a quinone = 7,9,9'-tricis-neurosporene + a quinol carotenoid biosynthesis     BR49638 show the reaction diagram